According to the study and survey after diamond there are 6 more stones which are on high demand i.e [ Pearl,Ruby,Sapphire which belongs to corundum species,Emerald, the ariental cats eye and alexandrite but apart from there semi precious stones such as [Amethyst,___,Fourmaline,Aquamrine,Quartz,Spinel,Zircon] are also on demand as its enhance the royalness of any jewellery. All the stones are carefully selected and appropriately mounted with their right prize
Mounting of gems and reaction of handsome pieces of jewellery require expert knowledge. The determination of the most harmonious combination of form and color bring into play the artistic instinct and talent of jewellery . Now the purchase of an ornament seeks artistic excellence of design,fine handiwork in mounting and suitable of the jewellery character of wearer. In estimating the value of diamond, pearl, and any other gem. The three main principal qualities must be considered [ color,brilliance and perfection]. In case of each gem there is a true color which is rare. Brillancy depends upon certain structural qualities and correct cutting. Perfection is freedom from flaws or defects. The blazing red of ruby, the angry green of emerald,the cold blue of the sapphire and white hot glary of diamond is described by “kipling in his story of Naulakha”
Two other qualities of precious stones are hardness and scarcity. To their hardness they owe their power of taking high polish, as well as their durability, while their rarity poets have always delighted in sentence ___ with gems, we read in proverbs.
“ A gift is as a precious stone in the eyes him that hath it”, “ dew pearled”
“ Now glowed the firmament with ___________ sapphires” etc
The first family in the group of gem stone is corundum i.e Ruby and Sapphire.
Corundum is composed of two common chemical elements i.e aluminium and oxygen, however its bonging is very rare and gives structure dense and compact which already explains the very high hardness of mineral in the ___ scale taking the position of 9 on 10.
10 is being given to diamond but than also corundum is almost 140 times less hard than diamond on Rosiwal scale [1000 corundum and 140.000 for diamond]
Sapphire is a term applied to all colors of corundum except medium to dark done red to purple red. Other color of sapphire are marina blue,royal blue, cornflower blue,yellow, green, violet,pink,organge. They are mostly found in kashmir [india], srilanka,Burma, australia, africa.
Transparent medium light in dark tones of red of the mineral corundum can be defined as ruby. Name ruby is derived from ___ word “Rubber” which means red. Large rubies are extremely rare. The biggest ruby of gem quality ever found in Burma and weight 400cr.
the garnet is a semi-precious stone that is found with a deep red coloring, much like the popular ruby. While there are plenty of differences, for all intents and purposes (well most of them at least) the two stones can be easily confused.
In terms of durability, Amethyst ranks 7 on the Mohs hardness scale. While not as strong as Diamonds, Amethyst stones are high-quality enough to include in your wedding ring design. This is why you'll find Amethyst often in fine jewelry settings.
Aquamarine grows in beautiful six-sided prismatic crystals that can be a foot long, some of the most beautiful crystals of the gem world. Aquamarine is the birthstone for March and the gemstone for the 19th anniversary. But it also beautiful set in an engagement ring, wedding gift, or earrings.
An emerald cut diamond has a more subtle sparkle than other cut diamonds because they are cut differently. Most diamonds on the market are brilliant cut and as the name implies they sparkle brilliantly. An emerald diamond is cut to show flashes of light rather than sparkling all over.
Pearls are unique among gemstones because they don't arise from the depths of the earth but from the sea. They require no special cutting or polishing to maximize their lustrous beauty, which has been treasured since ancient times and ensures that pearl jewelry is always in style.
Peridot is an ancient gemstone that consists of the mineral olivine. It has a stunning pure green color that makes it stand out from other gemstones. Peridot is often associated with purity, with peridot jewelry said to purify the heart of its wearer.